A Parallel Decoding Approach for Mitigating Near-Far Interference in Internet of Underwater Things

With the massive development of underwater small robotic vehicles and matching acoustic modems, applications for Internet of Underwater Things (IoUT) are emerging. IoUT involves communication between non-synchronized network nodes organized in a mesh. A limiting factor of such communication is the so-called near-far effect, where transmissions from a node (near) close to a common receiver blocks the transmissions of a farther node (far). Due to the high-power attenuation in the underwater acoustic channel, near-far is common in underwater acoustic communication networks, and the phenomena occurs even for a distance ratio of 80% between the near and far nodes to the receiver, and the large number of nodes in IoUT compounds the effect of this phenomena. While current approaches only consider the jamming effect to the far signal, in this paper, we consider cancelling the interference from both sources by estimating and equalizing the channels on parallel, thereby significantly improving the decoding of both signals. As a result, IoUT performance improves. To limit mutual interference, we propose an automatic switching mechanism that controls the cancellation operation both in channel estimation and channel equalization. Simulation results show that our approach obtains significant improvement for communication from both near and far nodes. Results from a designated sea trial demonstrate that when both nodes are affected by their mutual transmissions, our proposed method improves the output signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) significantly.
IEEE Internet of Things Journal
Published on
16 April 2020